(Infection; Salmonella Enterica; Food Poisoning)
|Stomach and Intestines|
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- Eating raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, fish, or seafood
- Eating unpasteurized dairy products
- Eating other contaminated foods
- Drinking contaminated water
- Handling reptiles, especially turtles
Having a compromised immune system, such as in:
- Elderly persons
- People with HIV/AIDS
- People with low stomach acidity such as those who take medication that reduces stomach acid
- Abdominal cramps
- Rehydration therapy— Oral or IV fluid replacement is needed; electrolytes may also be added to the solution.
- Acetaminophen or ibuprofen—Over-the-counter pain relievers may be used to reduce fever or treat headaches and other pain.
- Antibiotics—These are required in severe cases where blood infection may occur. Antibiotic use in non-severe cases does not improve a person's outcome. It may cause the disease to last longer.
- Frequently wash hands and surfaces.
- Wash hands and cutting boards with hot soapy water before and after handling raw foods.
- Wash utensils thoroughly after using them on raw meats, fish, or poultry.
- Do not use the same cutting boards for raw meats and raw vegetables.
- Do not drink unpasteurized milk.
- Drink bottled or purified water when traveling.
- Cook all foods to appropriate temperatures.
- Place foods in the refrigerator promptly.
- Wash hands after handling reptiles.
- Certain medications, like those to reduce stomach acid, may increase your risk for salmonellosis. Talk to your doctor about this risk.
Partnership for Food Safety Education http://www.fightbac.org
US Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov
Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education http://www.canfightbac.org
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Benenson A. Salmonellosis. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. American Public Health Association. 1996: 410-414.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of a self-assessment questionnaire for food safety education in the home kitchen—Los Angeles County, California, 2006-2008. MMWR. 2010;59(34):1098-101.
Edwards BH. Salmonella and shigella species. Clin Lab Med. 1999; 19(3):469-487.
Heymann D. Salmonellosis. In: American Public Health Association. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. 2004;469-473.
Koningstein M, Simonsen J, et al. The interaction between prior antimicrobial drug exposure and resistance in human Salmonella infections. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010;65(8):1819-1825.
Salmonellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/. Updated June 27, 2013. Accessed August 15, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -