- Type 1—fracture passes straight through the growth plate and separates the end of the bone from the shaft of the bone
- Type 2—fracture passes through the growth plate and the shaft of the bone
- Type 3—fracture passes through the growth plate and breaks off a piece of the bone
- Type 4—fracture passes through the shaft, the growth plate, and the end of the bone
- Type 5—compression (crushing) fracture of the growth plate
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- Competitive sports such as basketball, football, or volleyball
- Recreational activities such as skiing or skateboarding
- Swelling and bruising—may be mistaken for a sprain
- Visible deformity
- Persistent or severe pain in the area
- Difficulty walking or using the affected area
- Difficulty returning to a sport
- Wear proper padding and safety equipment when participating in sports or activities.
- Learn the proper technique for exercise and sporting activities.
- Take a break from sports or exercise when feeling tired.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Fractures. Boston Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site927/mainpageS927P1.html. Accessed September 29, 2014.
Growth Plate Fractures. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00040. Updated January 2010. Accessed September 29, 2014.
When your child needs a cast. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/system/med%5Fprocedures/casts.html. Updated October 2012. Accessed September 29, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/29/2014 -