The Basics of Counting Carbs
- Starches (complex carbohydrates) are foods like grains, legumes, and starchy vegetables, such as potatoes or corn.
- Sugars can be natural (like those in fruit and milk) or added (like the sugary syrup in canned fruit).
- Fiber can be found in foods like fruit (especially fruits with edible skin, like apples), vegetables, nuts, legumes, and whole grains.
Planning a Meal by Counting Carbs
- 1 small piece of fruit (4 ounces)
- ½ cup canned or frozen fruit
- 1 slice of bread (1 ounce)
- ½ cup cooked cereal
- ¼ of a large baked potato
- ½ cup ice cream
- 2/3 cup plain fat-free yogurt
- 1 cup milk
- 2 small cookies
Filling Up With Fiber
All Carbs Are Not Created Equal
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org
Joslin Diabetes Center http://www.joslin.org
Canadian Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Carbohyrdate counting. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/carb-counting. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Carbohydrate counting 101. Joslin Diabetes Center website. Available at: http://www.joslin.org/info/Carbohydrate%5FCounting%5F101.html. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Carbohydrates. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/carbohydrates.html. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Dietary considerations for patients with type 2 diabetes. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 10, 2013. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2010/DietaryGuidelines2010.pdf. Accessed September 25, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/92/2013 -