|Anatomy of the Kidney|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Diabetes —the nephrons are damaged by chronically high blood sugar levels that occur in poorly controlled diabetes
- High blood pressure —causes damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys
Andrews PA. Renal Transplantation Brit Med J. 2002;324:530-534.
Chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.
End-stage renal disease. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/Research/ScientificAreas/Kidney/KEB.htm Updated September 15, 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
Yu HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med. 2003;163:1417-1429.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -