(MMR Vaccine; Measles Vaccine; Mumps Vaccine; Rubella Vaccine)
What Are Measles, Mumps, and Rubella?
What Is the Measles, Mumps, RubellaVaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the two doses must be separated by at least four weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the MMR Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- People who are very sick
- Women who are planning to become pregnant or those who are pregnant
- People with immune system disorders—If you have HIV and are doing well, you should consider getting the vaccine. Measles can be fatal if you have HIV.
- People being treated with drugs that affect the immune system.
- People who have cancer or are being treated for cancer with radiation or drugs.
- People with a low platelet count should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
- People who have received another vaccine within the past 4 weeks.
- People who have had a recent transfusion or who have received other blood products should talk to their doctor about whether to get the vaccine.
- Pregnant women—Avoid becoming pregnant for at least 1 month after getting the vaccine.
- Previous severe allergic reaction to the vaccine or its components.
What Other Ways Can Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Be Prevented?
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Immunization American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org
Vaccines & Immunizations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm. Published May 22, 1998. Accessed August 27, 2014.
Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 28, 2014. Accessed August 27, 2014.
MMR vaccine: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mmr.pdf. Updated April 20, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2014.
5/27/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Measles—United States, January—May 20, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60(20):666-668.
- Reviewer: Fabienne Daguilh, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014 -
- Update Date: 08/27/2014 -