(Hep A Vaccine)
What Is Hepatitis A?
- Abdominal pain or soreness
- Lack of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
What Is the Hepatitis A Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- Children aged 24 months or older who are at high risk and have not been previously vaccinated.
- People traveling to areas where hepatitis A is prevalent. The CDC's Traveler's Health website shows which areas have high rates hepatitis A.
- Men who have sex with men.
- Injection drug users.
- People who are at risk because of their job.
- People with chronic liver disease.
- People treated with clotting factor concentrates.
- People who will have close contact with an adopted child from a medium- or high-risk area.
- People who want immunity to hepatitis A.
What Are the Risks Associated With the Hepatitis A Vaccine?
- Difficulty breathing
- Skin rash
- Rapid heartbeat
- Soreness at the site of injection
- Loss of appetite
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Children under one year of age
- Anyone who has already had hepatitis A
- Anyone who has previously had a severe allergic reaction to the hepatitis A vaccine
- Anyone who has previously had a severe allergic reaction to any component of the hepatitis A vaccine, (including alum or 2-phenoxyethanol)
- Anyone who is very ill
What Other Ways Can Hepatitis A Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
- Wash your hands with soap and water, especially after using the restroom or changing a diaper.
- IG given before and after exposure is another way of preventing and treating the virus.
- Twinrix is another vaccine that protects against both hepatitis A and B.
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Hepatitis A. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated December 19, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Hepatitis A FAQ's for health professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HAV/HAVfaq.htm. Updated November 23, 2010. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Hepatitis A Information for Health Professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HAV/index.htm. Updated November 23, 2010. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Hepatitis A Virus Vaccine Inactivated. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated January 29, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
9/25/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Updated recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for use of hepatitis A vaccine in close contacts of newly arriving international adoptees. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:1006.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/18/2013 -