(Hep A Vaccine)
What Is Hepatitis A?
- Yellowing of the eyes and skin—jaundice
- Abdominal pain or soreness
- Lack of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
What Is the Hepatitis A Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- Children aged 24 months or older who are at high risk and have not been previously vaccinated.
- People traveling to areas where hepatitis A is prevalent. The CDC's Traveler's Health website shows which areas have high rates hepatitis A.
- Men who have sex with men.
- Injection drug users.
- People who are at risk because of their job.
- People with chronic liver disease.
- People treated with clotting factor concentrates.
- People who will have close contact with an adopted child from a medium- or high-risk area.
- People who want immunity to hepatitis A.
What Are the Risks Associated With the Hepatitis A Vaccine?
- Difficulty breathing
- Skin rash
- Rapid heartbeat
- Soreness at the site of injection
- Loss of appetite
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Children under one year of age
- Anyone who has already had hepatitis A
- Anyone who has previously had a severe allergic reaction to the hepatitis A vaccine
- Anyone who has previously had a severe allergic reaction to any component of the hepatitis A vaccine, (including alum or 2-phenoxyethanol)
- Anyone who is very ill
What Other Ways Can Hepatitis A Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
- Wash your hands with soap and water, especially after using the restroom or changing a diaper.
- IG given before and after exposure is another way of preventing and treating the virus.
- Twinrix is another vaccine that protects against both hepatitis A and B.
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
American Liver Foundation http://www.liverfoundation.org
Hepatitis Foundation International http://www.hepfi.org
Canadian Institute for Health Information http://www.cihi.ca
Canadian Liver Foundation http://www.liver.ca
Hepatitis A virus (HAV). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 8, 2014. Accessed February 4, 2015.
Hepatitis A FAQ's for health professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HAV/HAVfaq.htm. Updated June 6, 2013. Accessed February 4, 2015.
Hepatitis A information for health professionals. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HAV/index.htm. Updated April 14, 2014. Accessed February 4, 2015.
Hepatitis A virus vaccine inactivated. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed February 4, 2015.
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated January 26, 2015. Accessed February 4, 2015.
Workowski KA, Berman S, et al. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
9/25/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http//www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Updated recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for use of hepatitis A vaccine in close contacts of newly arriving international adoptees. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:1006.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/08/2014 -