(Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea, Clostridium difficile-induced Colitis, C diff)
|The Stomach, Liver, and Intestines|
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- Loose stools
- Watery or mucousy diarrhea
- Abdominal pain or cramps
- Loss of apetite
- Rarely, nausea and vomiting
- Use antibiotics only when your doctor has confirmed that you have a bacterial infection.
- If you are prescribed antibiotics, ask your doctor if you should take a probiotic also. Probiotics may help protect the normal bacterial growth in your intestines.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water to prevent spreading the infection.
- Clean any affected surfaces with a disinfectant that contains bleach if someone has had an infection at home.
- If you are in a care facility, make sure any healthcare staff are washing their hands before coming in contact with you. Ask your visitors to wash their hands while visiting with you.
- Precautions will be taken in the hospital if you have a C. diff infection. This should include gloves and protective gowns for staff or visitors.
Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
Clostridium difficile infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/organisms/cdiff/Cdiff%5Finfect.html . Updated March 1, 2013. Accessed June 26, 2013.
Clostridium difficile infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 3, 2013. Accessed June 26, 2013.
FAQs about clostridium difficile. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/pdfs/cdiff/Cdiff%5Ftagged.pdf . Accessed June 26, 2013.
Heinlen L, Ballard JD. Clostridium difficile infection. Am J Med Sci . 2010;340(3):247-52.
Navaneethan U, Venkatesh PG, Shen B. Clostridium difficile infection and inflammatory bowel disease: understanding the evolving relationship. World J Gastroenterol . 2010;16(39):4892-904.
Probiotics to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 4, 2013. Accessed June 26, 2013.
Rebmann T, Carrico RM, et al. Preventing Clostridium difficile infections: an executive summary of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology's elimination guide. Am J Infect Control . 2011;39(3):239-242.
Surawicz CM, Brandt LJ, et al. Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Clostridium difficile infections. Am J Gastroenterol . 2013;108(4):478-498.
Use of gastric acid-suppressive agents and the risk of community-acquired Clostridium difficile -associated disease. JAMA . 2005;294(23):2989-95.
12/9/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Burke KE, Lamont JT. Fecal transplantation for recurreent Clostridium difficile infection in older adults: a review. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Aug;61(8):1394-8.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 12/09/2013 -