Reasons for Procedure
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Appetite loss
- Hair loss
- Low red blood cell count — anemia
- Weakened immune system and increased infections
- Easy bruising and/or bleeding
- Mouth sores
- Numbness and tingling sensation in the hands and/or feet, or weakness due to nerve damage
- Kidney damage
- Damage to the heart muscle
- Interruption of the menstrual period
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Allergy medications, such as an antihistamine
- Anti-nausea medications
Description of the Procedure
- Catheter tube into the bladder, abdomen, chest cavity, brain, spinal cord, or liver
- Injection into a muscle
- Application to the skin
|Chemotherapy Delivery Through the Cardiovascular System|
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How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Medications to take at home, such as anti-nausea medication
- Injections of an immune-system or blood cell boosting drug
- Other drugs, including steroids, allergy medications, sedatives, and antibiotics
- Get a lot of sleep.
- Try to do some physical activity each day. Exercise can help to reduce fatigue.
- Try to eat a healthy diet.
- Drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration .
- Try to avoid people with diseases that can be spread easily, including children. Chemotherapy will likely weaken your immune system. Viral illnesses, such as the cold or flu, can have serious effects.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Sores in your mouth, throat, or lips
- White patches in your mouth
- Difficulty/pain with swallowing
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Vomiting that prevents you from holding down fluids
- Blood in your vomit
- Easy bruising
- Nosebleeds, bleeding gums, new vaginal bleeding
- Blood in your urine or stool
- Burning or frequency of urination
- Chest pain
- Severe weakness
- Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, or cough
- Calf pain, swelling, or redness in the legs or feet
- Abnormal vaginal discharge, itching, or odor
- New pain or pain that you cannot control with the medication you were given
- Numbness, tingling, or pain in your extremities
- Joint pain, stiffness, rash, or other new symptoms
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or a pimple at the site of your IV
- Headache, stiff neck
- Hearing or vision changes
- Ringing in your ears
- Exposure to someone with an infectious illness, including chickenpox
- Weight gain or loss of 10 pounds or more
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Cancer Care Ontario http://www.cancercare.on.ca
Chemotherapy and you: Support for people with cancer. National ICancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/chemo-and-you. Accessed September 11, 2014.
Understanding chemotherapy. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/chemo-side-effects/understandingchemo. Accessed September 11, 2014.
10/26/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Adamsen L, Quist M, Andersen C, et al. Effect of a multimodal high intensity exercise intervention in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2009;339:b3410.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/11/2014 -