|Bone Marrow Biopsy|
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Reasons for Procedure
- Evaluate a low red blood cell count ( anemia ), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Diagnose and stage lymphoma or solid tumors
- Diagnose, monitor, and evaluate leukemias
- Evaluate iron level problems
- Evaluate for causes of unexplained spleen enlargement—splenomegaly
- Evaluate other blood disorders or diseases that may affect the bone marrow
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the biopsy site
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Joint pain, fatigue, stiffness, rash, or other new symptoms
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society http://www.lls.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
BC Cancer Agency http://www.bccancer.bc.ca
Cancer Centre of Southeastern Ontario http://www.krcc.on.ca
Bone marrow biopsy. Harvard Medical School website. Available at: http://www.health.harvard.edu/diagnostic-tests/bone-marrow-biopsy.htm. Accessed June 18, 2015.
Bone marrow biopsy. Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test%5Fprocedures/orthopaedic/bone%5Fmarrow%5Fbiopsy%5F92,P07679. Accessed June 18, 2015.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/28/2014 -