The Basics of Genital Herpes
- Small, red bumps that appear on or near the genitals, anus, mouth, or thighs
- Pain or burning during urination in both men and women
- Pain or itching in the genital or anal area
Treatment and Prevention
- Acyclovir (Zovirax)
- Valacyclovir (Valtrex)
- Famciclovir (Famvir)
- Have sex in a monogamous relationship.
- Always use condoms. Condoms do not provide 100% protection since they may not cover all lesions.
- Avoid sexual contact during an outbreak.
- Take antiviral medication as prescribed by your doctor.
American Social Health Association http://www.ashastd.org
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/std
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Sex Information and Education Council of Canada http://www.sieccan.org
Genital herpes—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm. Updated February 11, 2013. Accessed March 13, 2013.
Genital herpes. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/genitalHerpes/Pages/default.aspx Updated January 6, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2013.
Herpes genitalis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 28, 2013. Accessed March 13, 2013.
Herpes resource center. American Sexual Health Association website. Available at: http://www.ashastd.org/std-sti/Herpes.html. Accessed March 13, 2013.
Kimberlin DW, Rouse DJ. Clinical practice. Genital herpes. N Engl J Med. 2004; 350:1970.
Wald A, Krantz E, Selke S, et al. Knowledge of partners'genital herpes protects against herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition. J Infect Dis. 2006; 194:42.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
6/14/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection following Jewish ritual circumcisions that included direct orogenital suction—New York City, 2000-2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61:405-409.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/13/2013 -