- An existing infection
- Contagious diseases
- A dirty needle used by an IV drug user
|Toxins Can Spread Through the Bloodstream|
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- Recent illness or hospital care, especially surgery
- Poorly working immune system due to:
- Medical treatment with an invasive device
- IV drug abuse
- Crowded living conditions as in the case of some types of pneumonia and meningitis
- Fever and chills
- Low temperature
- Pale skin color
- Changes in mental status
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid heartbeat
- Decreased urine
- Problems with bleeding or clotting
- Blood cultures and tests
- Urine cultures and tests
- Sputum cultures
- Stool cultures
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Infectious Diseases Society of America http://www.idsociety.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Early-onset neonatal sepsis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 3, 2013. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Late-onset neonatal sepsis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 20, 2015. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Sepsis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 12, 2015. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Sepsis in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 30, 2014. Accessed June 10, 2015.
10/6/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Holland TL, Arnold C, et al. Clinical management of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: a review. JAMA. 2014 Oct 1;312(13):1330-41.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 10/07/2014 -