(Viral Rhinitis; Upper Respiratory Infection)
|Sore Throat Due to Inflammation|
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- Being near someone who has a cold
- Touching your nose, mouth, or eyes with contaminated fingers
- Decreased resistance, which can be caused by smoking , second-hand smoke, or stress
- Shorter sleep duration or poor sleep quality
- Sore or scratchy throat
- Stuffy nose
- Runny nose
- Itchy, stuffed sensation in the ears
- Watery eyes
- Aches and pains
- Low energy
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. Warm beverages like tea and chicken soup are soothing. They may also help decrease congestion.
- Use a humidifier. A cool-mist humidifier will keep your nasal passages moist. Humidifiers may also loosen congestion. Be sure to clean the humidifier every day.
- Try nasal flushing with a neti-pot or saline spray. This can help loosen mucus. You can buy these items at most pharmacies
- Gargle with warm salt water. It can help soothe a sore throat.
- Throat lozenges
- Vapor rub
- Vitamin C —Taking extra vitamin C at the start of a cold has not been shown to be of any benefit. Some believe that taking vitamin C throughout the cold season may help reduce symptoms or shorten how long the cold lasts.
- Zinc lozenges—Taking zinc lozenges at the start of a cold may help shorten the length of the cold.
- Echinacea —Echinacea might help people to recover faster from a cold. But, there is little evidence that it can prevent colds if taken in advance.
- Honey —While honey has not been shown to affect the severity or length of a common cold, it may improve nighttime cough and sleep disruption in children. Do not give honey to infants younger than 12 months because of the risk of infant botulism.
- Keep your hands away from your nose, mouth, and eyes.
- Stay away from people who have a cold.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit or cut down on smoking.
- Ask your doctor if taking certain supplements may be right for you.
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Cold and cough medicine: Information for patients. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/features/pediatriccoldmeds. Updated September 11, 2009. Accessed September 15, 2014.
Colds and flu. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/academic/natural-alternative-treatments. Updated August 2013. Accessed September 15, 2014.
Common colds: protect yourself and others. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/commoncold/pages/default.aspx. Accessed September 15, 2014.
Upper respiratory infection (URI). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 1, 2014. Accessed September 15, 2014.
12/4/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Lizogub VG, Riley DS, Heger M. Efficacy of a pelargonium sidoides preparation in patients with the common cold: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Explore (NY). 2007;3:573-584.
1/30/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Public health advisory: Nonprescription cough and cold medicine use in children—FDA recommends that over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold products not be used for infants and children under 2 years of age. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm051137.htm. Updated August 19, 2013. Accessed August 26, 2013.
1/30/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Paul IM, Beiler J, McMonagle A, et al. Effect of honey, dextromethorphan, and no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep quality for coughing children and their parents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161:1149-1153.
2/26/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Slapak I, Skoupá J, Strnad P, Horník P. Efficacy of isotonic nasal wash (seawater) in the treatment and prevention of rhinitis in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:67-74.
10/29/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Arruda E, Pitkäranta A, Witek TJ Jr, Doyle CA, Hayden FG. Frequency and natural history of rhinovirus infections in adults during autumn. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35:2864-2868. Pappas DE, Hendley JO, Hayden FG, Winther B. Symptom profile of common colds in school-aged children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008;27:8-11.
8/6/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Hemila H, Chalker E, Douglas B. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Mar 17;(3):CD000980.
2/25/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Sing M, Das R. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(2):CD001364.
7/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Paul IM, Beiler JS, King TS, Clapp ER, Vallati J, Berlin CM. Vapor rub, petrolatum, and no treatment for children with nocturnal cough and cold symptoms. Pediatrics. 2010;126(6):1092-1099.
9/25/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jun 18;6.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/15/2014 -