(FM; Fibromyalgia Syndrome; FMS)
|Fibromyalgia Trigger Points|
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- Generlized pain and tenderness
- Poor sleep
- Reduced physical endurance
- Problems with concentration, thought, or memory
- Weather changes, especially cold, damp weather
- Stress or anxiety
- Medical illness
- Eat a healthy diet .
- Learn to cope with physical and mental stress.
- Maintain a regular sleep schedule.
- Participate in a regular exercise program that includes aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises. Gentle exercises that may not strain painful areas include walking, biking, and swimming. Talk to your doctor to make sure it is safe for you to start exercising.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Muscle relaxants
American College of Rheumatology http://www.rheumatology.org
The American Fibromyalgia Syndrome Association http://www.afsafund.org
The Arthritis Society http://www.arthritis.ca
Fibromyalgia Information and Local Support http://fibromyalgia.ncf.ca
About fibromyalgia. National Fibromyalgia Association website. Available at: http://www.fmaware.org/about-fibromyalgia. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Buckhardt CS, Goldenberg D, Crofford L, et al. Guideline for the management of fibromyalgia syndrome pain in adults and children. Glenview (IL): American Pain Society (APS); 2005. as summarized in National Guideline Clearinghouse 2005;19:7298.
Carville SF, Arendt-Nielsen S, Bliddal H, et al. EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the management of fibromyalgia syndrome. Ann Rheum Dis. 2008;67:536-541.
Fibromyalgia. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at: http://www.rheumatology.org/Practice/Clinical/Patients/Diseases%5FAnd%5FConditions/Fibromyalgia. Updated February 2013. Accessed June 23, 2015.
Fibromyalgia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 8, 2015. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Fibromyalgia. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Fibromyalgia/default.asp. Updated July 2014. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Wierville L. Fibromyalgia: diagnosing and managing a complex syndrome. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2012;24(4):184-92.
2/17/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Russell IJ, Perkins AT, Michalek JE; Oxybate SXB-26 Fibromyalgia Syndrome Study Group. Sodium oxybate relieves pain and improves function in fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2009;60:299-309.
4/14/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Munguía-Izquierdo D, Legaz-Arrese A. Assessment of the effects of aquatic therapy on global symptomatology in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008;89:2250-2257.
4/22/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Sañudo B, Galiano D, Carrasco L, Blagojevic M, de Hoyo M, Saxton J. Aerobic exercise versus combined exercise therapy in women with fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;91(12):1838-1843.
4/22/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Carson JW, Carson KM, Jones KD, Bennett RM, Wright CL, Mist SD. A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Yoga of Awareness program in the management of fibromyalgia. Pain. 2010;151(2):530-539.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -