- Active range of motion is lost—You cannot move your shoulder well.
- Passive range of motion is lost—Someone trying to move your arm at the shoulder joint will find it stiff and difficult to move.
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- Painful shoulder
- Much reduced movement of the arm at the shoulder joint, either by yourself or by someone else
- Relieving pain
- Restoring function and range of motion to the shoulder
- Pain relievers (such as, ibuprofen and aspirin)—to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain
- Muscle relaxants—to help relax arm and shoulder muscles
- Physical therapy—to stretch muscles and restore motion and function to the shoulder. This is the foundation of treatment. It requires much home exercise
- Heat and ice therapies—to help relieve pain and reduce swelling
- Corticosteroid injections—as prescribed and given by your doctor (rarely done for this condition)
- Do regular strength training and range-of-motion exercises. This will help maintain a strong and flexible shoulder joint.
- Seek prompt treatment for a shoulder injury.
- Do activities that use your shoulder joint regularly.
- After injury to an upper extremity (such as, hand, wrist, elbow), always move the shoulder through a full range of motion several times a day. This is true even when lying in bed for an illness such as a lung infection.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 11, 2012. Accessed October 23, 2012.
Ewald A. Adhesive capsulitis: a review. Am Fam Physician. 2011 Feb 15;83(4):417-422.
Garcilazo C, Cavallasca JA, et al. Shoulder manifestations of diabetes mellitus. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2010 Sep;6(5):334-340.
Neviaser AS, Hannafin JA. Adhesive capsulitis: a review of current treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Nov;38(11):2346-2356.
Woodward TW, Best TM. The painful shoulder part I: clinical evaluation. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61(10):3079-3088.
Woodward TW, Best TM. The painful shoulder part II: acute and chronic disorders. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61(11):3291-3300.
- Reviewer: John C. Keel, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/31/2012 -