(Herpes, Genital; Herpes Genitalis; Herpes Simplex, Genital)
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- Direct contact with an infected person—such as having contact with the vagina, penis, anus, or mouth (can include sexual or non-sexual contact)
- Fluid from herpes blisters that gets on other parts of the body
- Pregnancy or childbirth—an infection can pass from a mother to her child
- A high number of sexual partners
- A history of sexually transmitted infections
- Starting to have sex at an early age
- Illness or infection
- Testing the fluid from an open blister
- Blood tests
- Take over-the-counter pain medication.
- Take lukewarm baths.
Treatment for Sexual Partners
- Use latex condoms every time you have sex.
- Avoid oral, anal, or genital sex if your partner has herpes blisters.
- Avoid touching blisters to prevent the virus from spreading to other parts of the body.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
International Herpes Alliance http://www.herpesalliance.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Sex Information and Education Council of Canada http://www.sieccan.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among persons aged 14-49 years--United States, 2005-2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59(15):456-459.
Genital herpes: lifestyle tips. Healthy Women—National Women's Health Resource Center, Inc. website. Available at: http://www.healthywomen.org/condition/genital-herpes. Updated February 12, 2013. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Genital herpes. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/genitalherpes/Pages/default.aspx. Updated November 7, 2013. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Corey L, Bodsworth N, et al. An update on short-course episodic and prevention therapies for herpes genitalis. Herpes. 2007;14:Suppl 1:5A-11A.
Herpes genitalis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 4, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Herpes simplex. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/e---h/herpes-simplex. Accessed May 28, 2015.
6/14/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection following Jewish ritual circumcisions that included direct orogenital suction—New York City, 2000-2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61:405-409.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/28/2015 -