(Cerebral Beriberi; Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome)
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- Alcohol abuse
- Memory problems
- Learning difficulty
- Communication problems
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty with walking and balance
- Ensure that you are getting enough thiamine in your diet. This is 1.1 mg a day for women and 1.2 mg a day for men. Foods that are rich in thiamine include lentils, peas, fortified breakfast cereal, pecans, spinach, oranges, milk, and eggs.
- Do not drink alcohol or only drink in moderation.
- If you have a drinking problem, talk to your doctor right away about treatment options.
Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.aa.org
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism http://www.niaaa.nih.gov
Alcoholics Anonymous Canada http://www.aacanada.com
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Harper C. Thiamine deficiency and associated brain damage is still common throughout the world and prevention is simple and safe. Eur J Neurol. 2006,13:1078-1082.
Impairments of brain and behavior: the neurological effects of alcohol. Alcohol Health and Research World.1997;1:21.
Korsakoff syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2012. Accessed December 19, 2013.
Kuo SH, Debnam JM, et al. Wernicke's encephalopathy: an underrecognized and reversible cause of confusional state in cancer patients. Oncology. 2009;76(1):10-18.
Lukas RV, Piantino J, et al. MRI changes in a head and neck cancer patient with Wernicke’s Encephalopathy and visual loss. Neuro-Ophthalmology. 2011;35(5-6):272-275.
Thomson AD, Marshall EJ. The natural history and pathophysiology of Wernicke’s encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s psychosis. Alcohol Alcohol. 2006,41:151.
Yoon CK, Chang MH, et al. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome associated with hyperemesis gravidarum. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2005;19(3):239-242.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 12/19/2013 -