Reasons for Procedure
- Damage to the heart or other organs
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
- Heart disease
- Blood clotting disorders
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Talk to your doctor about your medicines, herbs, or supplements. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, such as:
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs
- Blood-thinning medicines
- Do not eat or drink anything the night before your procedure.
Description of the Procedure
|Mitral Valve Replacement|
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Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Observe you for any complications
- Stabilize your heart function
- Instruct you in home care and activities
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
- If you have a mechanical valve, you will need to take blood thinners for life. This will help to prevent blood clots. If you have a tissue valve, you will need to take blood-thinning medicine for six weeks to three months after surgery.
- You may also need to take antibiotics during dental procedures and during certain other procedures. This will help prevent a valve infection.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
- You will slowly return to your usual activities over a 4-12 week period. You may also be asked to participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
- Constipation, diarrhea, bloody or tarry-color bowel movements, or stomach pain
- Weight gain—greater than two pounds in two days
- Worsening of ankle swelling
- Severe headache
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Skin rash, or unusual bruising or bleeding
- Lightheadedness when standing
- Tingling in hands and feet
- Irregular heartbeat, extremely slow pulse, or fast pulse
- Redness, swelling, or pain in one or both legs
- Burning during urination
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons http://www.sts.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca
Mitral valve disease: stenosis and regurgitation. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/cardiology/mitral-valve-disease/. Accessed May 16, 2013.
Mitral valve repair. Society of Thoracic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sts.org/doc/4107. Accessed May 16, 2013.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.