Reasons for Procedure
- Damage to the heart or other organs
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Chronic diseases, such as diabetes or obesity
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Description of the Procedure
|Mitral Valve Replacement|
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Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Observe you for any complications
- Stabilize your heart function
- Instruct you in home care and activities
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
- Take prescription medications, such as blood thinners or antibiotics.
- Antibiotics may be needed before dental procedures and during certain other procedures. This will help prevent a valve infection.
- You will slowly return to your usual activities over a 4-12 week period. You may also be asked to participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
- Constipation , diarrhea , bloody or tarry-color bowel movements, or stomach pain
- Weight gain—greater than 2 pounds in 2 days
- Worsening of ankle swelling
- Severe headache
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Skin rash, or unusual bruising or bleeding
- Lightheadedness when standing
- Tingling in hands and feet
- Irregular heartbeat, extremely slow pulse, or fast pulse
- Redness, swelling, or pain in one or both legs
- Burning during urination
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons http://www.sts.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.ca
Mitral valve disease: stenosis and regurgitation. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/cardiology/mitral-valve-disease. Accessed August 20, 2014.
Mitral valve repair. Society of Thoracic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sts.org/patient-information/valve-repair/replacement-surgery/mitral-valve-repair. Accessed August 20, 2014.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -