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Reasons for Procedure
- Poor blood flow that cannot be fixed
- Severe infection
- Trauma or injury
- Congenital disorders, such as a limb that has not formed properly
- Skin breakdown at the residual limb
- Poor healing of the amputation site that may require a higher level amputation
- Swelling of the residual limb
- Decreased range of motion in the hip joint
- Phantom limb sensation —feeling that the amputated limb is still there
- Phantom pain —feeling pain in amputated limb area
- Blood clots
- Reaction to anesthesia
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam
- Blood tests
- Imaging tests, such as x-rays or scans
- Have you donate blood in case you need a transfusion
- Prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection
- Arrange for a ride home.
- Arrange for help at home while you recover.
- Talk to your doctor about any medications, herbs, or supplements you are taking.
- Ask your doctor about devices you will need after the surgery like an artificial limb, walker , crutches , and/or wheelchair .
Description of the Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Pain medications
- Antibiotics to prevent infection
- Medication to prevent blood clots
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding your healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incision
- Continue with your physical therapist’s exercise program.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
Call Your Doctor
- Increased swelling in the residual limb
- Poorly fitting prosthesis
- Pain that can't be controlled with the medications you've been given
- Signs of infection, such as fever or chills
- Increasing redness, swelling, increasing pain, excess bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
- Persistent nausea or vomiting
- Increased symptoms of depression
- New cough , shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Joint pain, fatigue, stiffness, rash, or other new symptoms
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org
Canadian Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.ca
The Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Amputation. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/physical%5Fmedicine%5Fand%5Frehabilitation/amputation%5F85,P01141. Accessed December 4, 2014.
Amputation. Society for Vascular Surgery website. Available at: http://www.vascularweb.org/vascularhealth/Pages/amputation.aspx. Updated February 2011. Accessed December 4, 2014.
Amputation procedure. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test%5Fprocedures/cardiovascular/amputation%5Fprocedure%5F92,P08292. Accessed December 4, 2014.
Management of critical limb ischemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 16, 2014. Accessed December 4, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -