Lifestyle changes may be helpful in a variety of important ways:
- Strengthening your body so that you can withstand some of the rigors of treatment
- Optimizing the function of your immune system to aid in the fight against cancer
- Improving your emotional outlook, so you can enjoy life to the fullest, even during treatment for MDS
- Making healthful choices that will help you avoid other medical problems that could complicate your health
Most people with MDS are elderly. Their lifestyle may already have begun to be limited by various medically related conditions of advancing age. The primary problems MDS may cause are decreasing physical ability or interest in favorite activities, an increased risk of serious infections, and an increased likelihood of excess bleeding from injury.
General guidelines include the following:
- Manage decreased vitality.
- Reduce your risk of infection.
- Manage increased bleeding tendency.
- Seek support.
Manage Decreasing Vitality
With MDS, you may find your interest in your normal activities declines. Activities you used to enjoy may become a burden, tire you out, or simply not interest you anymore. Discuss your feelings openly with your friends, relatives, and doctors. There are many possible ways to rekindle your interest in life. There are also medications for depression that might help. Other general recommendation that may help include:
- Following a nutritious diet
- Participating in a reasonable level of exercise
- Resting when tired
Eating a healthful diet may help you avoid other medical conditions linked to poor nutrition. Because cancer itself and some cancer treatment may have a dulling effect on your appetite, it’s important that you make the most of the calories you do take in. Strongly consider consulting a registered dietitian (RD) to help you learn more about the best kinds of foods for you to eat and how to eat other, less healthful foods in moderation. (Your doctor can refer you to an RD.) Avoid making drastic changes in your diet based on the latest fad diet.
If you have not been exercising regularly, check with your doctor to determine a safe exercise program under your current circumstances. Exercise has many benefits that may help you withstand the physical and emotional stresses of MDS and its treatment:
- Promoting overall fitness
- Boosting your energy level
- Improving your immune system functioning
- Bolstering your spirits and improving your emotional outlook
You may consider consulting a personal trainer to help you set exercise goals and to safely follow through on initiating an exercise program.
While incorporating exercise, be sure to balance rest and activities to prevent becoming too tired.
The treatments for cancer can add to the fatigue you already feel from fighting cancer. In fact, fatigue is the most frequently experienced symptom of cancer and cancer treatments.
It is important to allow your body time to rest. This will help your body have the strength to heal itself. Studies have shown a relationship between fatigue and an increased morbidity of cancer and cancer treatments as a result of fatigue's adverse effect on appetite, diminished quality of life, and loss of hope.
To help you avoid getting overtired, try not to do too much. Prioritize the things you need to do, and focus on the most important ones. Also, allow others to help you with daily chores, shopping, and preparing meals. Plan times throughout the day when you can rest. If fatigue is affecting your quality of life, talk to your doctor.
Reduce Your Risk of Infection
To decrease your risk of infection, avoid exposure to bacteria and viruses:
- Try to avoid crowds, especially during cold and flu season.
- Ask your doctor about immunization against the flu and pneumonia.
- Wash your hands thoroughly and often. Hand washing is the most effective method of decreasing the chance of catching colds and flu. You may wish to carry hand sanitizer with you for occasions when washing is not convenient.
Also, take extra care with cuts and scrapes:
- Cleanse cuts and scrapes thoroughly.
- Use topical antiseptic.
- Apply sterile dressings.
- Tell your doctor about any infection that is worsening.
Respiratory infections may worsen quickly and become pneumonia. If you have such an infection, tell your doctor right away.
Manage Increased Bleeding Tendency
Small injuries may become worse because of MDS. Spontaneous bleeding may occur from your nose, when brushing your teeth, from small wounds, rectum, vagina, or urinary tract. Report any bleeding to your doctor. Prolonged pressure on a bleeding site may eventually stop the bleeding, but you need medical treatment to prevent it from recurring.
The diagnosis of cancer is a life-defining event that is difficult to handle for anyone. It's common to feel anxious about the impact of your diagnosis and treatment options. You do not have to face cancer alone. Get help from your family, friends, and your community, such as:
- Religious community
- Support groups for people with your type of cancer
- Professional support (social workers, psychologists, and/or psychiatrists who are trained to help support cancer patients and their families)
People who allow themselves to seek help while they are recovering from cancer often maintain better emotional control. This can help you face the challenges of cancer and its treatment.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 12/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -